How a Manual Drive Works

There are some drivers who just cannot replace the feeling that manual transmission gives. After all, it is perhaps the closest thing that they can get to driving a real race car. Apart from the racing car-like experience, it is the efficiency and utter control that gives manual transmission the edge over its automatic counterpart.

To make the most of your manual drive, it is best to learn as much as you can about it. Sometimes, with a good handle on how it works, you can even prevent any damage to your transmission systems and extend the service life of your car.

Here is a basic overview of how manual transmission works:

Engine to Transmission

The engine is connected to the transmission through the clutch. Every time you push the clutch pedal, the engine and the transmission become disconnected. When you release the clutch, the two engage with each other, turning at the same rpm rate.

Transmission to the wheels

The transmission is connected to the wheels through a drive shaft and a collar. The two components then channels the power from the transmissions to the differentials and eventually, the wheels. The differentials, however, do not turn with the shaft as long as the collar is not engaged with any of the gear. This means, the wheels are unaffected by any changes in engine power when the collar is not at work.

Changing Gears

From the engine, mechanical power passes through the layshaft and into the gear. As soon as you select a gear, the collar connects to the appropriate gear. This enables the drive shaft to turn, which powers the differentials and changes the spinning speed of the wheels.


Gears turn because of the frictional contact of the dog teeth. Gears may engage while in spinning in different speeds. This is why most modern vehicles use synchronisers to adjust the spinning speed of the gears before their dog teeth make frictional contact.

Many transmission problems occur because of worn parts and frequent clutching mistakes. These issues may compromise the performance of your vehicle and your driving experience.

Citywest Automatic Transmissions provides complete transmission service, from diagnosis to repair and reconditioning. If you notice any issue with your manual transmission, give us a call now to have it repaired immediately.

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